Feeding preterm infants


Calculating the number of formula or breast natural milk is carried out on the basis of caloric wants little body. On the first time a newborn receives 5 ml (nutrient decision) in one feeding, a number increased to 15-20 ml by day 3 of life. Following intake calculated from a daily rate for premature babies 130-140 kcal per 1 kilogram of aging body gravity (for a full-term babies, the figure is 115 kcal). Caloric capacity of breast natural milk is 70 calory per 100 ml, and the mixture - 80 kcal per 100 ml.

Premature babies are especially prone to rickets, anemia. Why, even if the child is breastfed, he's along a 1-st of a month (about the size of 2-3 weeks) request additional vitamin D in the configuration of special drops. Also, these kids are more scarce iron in the aging body, which is normally exhausted by a one-30 days. In warm natural milk is not enough iron for babies, despite the fact that it is much great of him to digest, because a doctor assessed a state of the infant, may decide on additional admission iron supplements.

A first feeding premature babies typically administered earlier in 4-4.5 weeks. To prevent a progress of anemia and rickets in premature babies earlier a full term introduced apples and vegetable juices, purees, meat, fresh egg. Foods in a configuration of porridge is also important for a premature child, because it helps him to speedily gain a indispensable weight for age. Monitor the effectiveness of lactation premature newborn and the state of his lustiness should only be a doctor, it will also be based on the baby to modify or supplement power supply circuit.

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